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3D House Icon in Adobe Illustrator
Illustrator’s CS5 Perspective Drawing Tools are just perfect for creating buildings. From this advanced tutorial you will learn how to create a detailed 3D house icon.
Step 1: Set up
Open up Illustrator CS5 and set up a new document. Make the artboard big enough since we will need place to create some additional elements. Press "Shift + P" to bring up the Perspective Grid and start adjusting its height and levels depending on the angle from which you want to see your house.
Step 2: Walls (a)
Select the Rectangle Tool (M) and draw a rectangle. Set the stroke to "none" and fill it a vertical gradient from #917B60 (Location 20%) to #AA9D7C. Then create a smaller rectangle and fill it with gradient from #3C2415 to #754C29. And now create a very narrow rectangle between these two and fill it with #3C2415.
Step 3: Walls (b)
Good, since we’ve created a wall, let’s place it on the grid. Select all three paths and group them (Shift + G) then press Shift + V to select the Perspective Selection Tool. Now, to place the wall in perspective, select the right grid by pressing "3" and start dragging the rectangles. Adjust the height of the wall according to the grid.
Step 4: Walls (c)
Now, repeat Step 3 once again, but create another wall using this gradient colors: #C6AC93 to #CCBE9E for the wall itself, #8B5E3C to #A97C50 for the lower part and #754C29 for the line between them. Place this wall on the left grid (press "1" to select it first). Make sure that lines on the walls match.
Step 6: Doorway (a)
Now, grab the left bottom widget of the left grid and move it to the left just a bit. Now, create a copy of the left wall (the wall located of the left grid) and make it narrower.
Step 7: Doorway (b)
Grab the bottom widget of the right grid this time and also drag it to the left. What we are trying to do here, is to connect the newly created wall to the rest of the house. Create a copy of the right wall and make it narrow enough to perfectly fit between the house and newly created wall. By the way you can toggle the visibility of the Perspective Grid by pressing "Ctrl + Shift + I".
Step 8: Door (a)
We are now creating the door itself. Somewhere on your artboard draw a rectangle and set #A97C50 as fill color for it. Select this rectangle, go to Object > Path > Offset Path and enter a negative value for the Offset setting to create a slightly smaller rectangle inside this one. Fill the resulting path with a darker brown (I used # 754C29) and then repeat Offset Path command once again and fill the resulting rectangle with a gradient from the color of your first rectangle to #754C29.
Step 9: Door (b)
With #754C29 still selected as fill color, draw three small rectangles and a handle on the door (using Ellipse Tool "L"). Don’t forget to draw a wide rectangle above the door and fill it with 10% gray. Place the door on the wall using Perspective Selection Tool.
Step 10: Garage Door
For the garage door create a rectangle filled with the same gradient as the smallest door path. Select the Line Segment Tool (\) and draw a couple of lines across that rectangle. Select a suitable stroke width for them and a darker stroke color like #603913. And one again, draw a rectangle above the door filled with 10% gray.
Step 11: Garage Door (b)
Select the strokes and Expand them ( Object > Expand ). Grab the bottom widget of the left grid and move it to its original place so you can place the door on the left wall.
Step 12: Windows (a)
Using Rectangle Tool (M) draw a rectangle, then, using Offset Path command, create another, smaller rectangle inside this one filled with a vertical gradient from blue (top) to white (bottom). Set #CCBE9E as stroke color and give it a thick inside stroke.
Using Rectangle Tool or Line Segment Tool create two perpendicular lines with the same stroke color and width. Move the right grid to its original position and place the window on it. Create the second window by Alt-dragging a copy of this one (use Perspective Selection Tool).
I have also made the right wall of the house much shorter here, to make these two windows look good on the wall.
Step 13: Windows (b)
Add a Drop Shadow (Effect > Stylize > Drop Shadow) effect to the windows. Enter 0 as X Offset and Blur values.
Step 14: Roof (a)
Begin with drawing a wide triangle. Make a copy of it and move it a little down. Select them both and click on the Minus Front button in the Pathfinder panel. Fill the resulting path with gradient from # A8561A to #9A4023. Set #8B5E3C as fill color and using Illustrators new "Draw Behind" mode (Shift + D to switch between modes) draw three rectangles that will form an ornament as you see in the image. Drag these four paths on the right grid.
Step 15: Roof (b)
Use Eraser Tool (Shift + E) to delete the unneeded part of the right wall. Select the newly created roof path, press Ctrl + C and Ctrl + B to make a copy of this path and place it in the back. Move the copied path down just a little. Select the right wall (ungroup first if you grouped it, by pressing "Ctrl + Shift + G") and also make a copy. Select now these 2 copies an press Intersect button in the Pathfinder palette. Fill the resulting path with black, set the opacity to 50% and blending mode to Darken.
Step 16: Roof (c)
Draw another rectangle and fill it with a vertical gradient from #A85726 to #D56027. Although Perspective Drawing is a great addition to Illustrator CS5, it still has some restrictions, for example we can only draw paths that are perpendicular on the ground grind.
We are going to use this rectangle as the top part of the roof, but it should be placed by an angle toward the ground grid, so we we’ll do it by dragging all four anchor points of the rectangle to their respective positions.
(You can hide Perspective Grid for now)
Step 17: Roof (b)
Use Eraser Tool (Shift + E) once again to delete that parts of the wall that are getting in our way.
Step 18: Grass
The house itself is finished, now, let’s add the ground! Bring up the Perspective Grid again and select the Ellipse Tool. Draw an ellipse under the house on the Horizontal or "ground" grid (shortcut "2" ). I found it a little difficult to draw a perfect ellipse from first try, so it took me a couple of tries to achieve the needed result. Fill the ellipse with gradient from #3D5B2B to#B8D766.
Step 19: Road
There is a small piece of road leading to the garage door. To make it easier to draw, select the grass path, and press Shift + D to switch to Draw Inside mode. Make the Horizontal grid active, select the Rectangle Tool and draw a rectangle near the garage door. Fill it with gradient (#70 to 90% gray) and give it a thick brown stroke.
Step 20: Decorations
Last thing we need to do is to decorate the grass around the house with stones. Just like we did with road in previous step, create some square stones. Use Perspective Selection Tool to create copies of the stones to not loose the correct proportions and perspective settings.
Select all stone paths, right-click on them and select "Make Compound Path". This will allow as to drag a single gradient across all stone paths, fill them with gradient from 10 to 30% gray.
Step 20: Final Result
Our house icon is ready!